What is Drug Testing
Drug Testing is the evaluation of a urine, blood or other type of biological sample to determine if the subject has been using the drug or drugs in question. There are many circumstances that may lead to drug screening:
- Pre-employment or random, work-related drug testing to identify on-the-job drug abuse
- Drug testing for college or professional athletes
- Post-accident drug testing – a vehicular or on-the-job accident which may have involved human error and resulted in casualties or property damage
- Safety-related – if an employee’s job could lead to safety issues if judgement or physical ability were impaired
Drug screening is often done when applying for employment, especially for positions that may involve federal transportation, airline industries, railways, and other workplaces where public safety is of the utmost importance. However, workplace drug screening is now common in general for many employers to lessen the impact from drug abuse and lower productivity in the workplace. The Surgeon General reported that alcohol and drug abuse, including tobacco costs the economy $524 billion per year. In 1997, it was reported that 5.4 percent of all workers tested positive for illicit drug use. Many companies may also offer employee-assistance programs to support substance-abuse treatment.
Workplace drug screening is primarily limited to drugs with the potential for abuse, including some prescription drugs, and alcohol. Prescription drug abuse has been reported as a growing problem in the U.S. Sports drug testing may be required for college-level and professional athletes.
Pre-employment workplace drug screening usually requires that the applicant give a urine sample, but may also infrequently require blood, saliva, sweat, or hair. In certain jobs, especially those that require a high level of safety, employees may be subject to random drug screening, as well. Random drug screening may be used in instances of workplace accidents, and if the employer has suspicion that the employee is abusing drugs. Random drug testing may occur without cause for suspicion depending upon company policy.
For more information on drug testing for employment or court ordered please contact us at 1-719-550-1011 and schedule your appointment or visit http://www.aturningpointcs.org.